When a loved one passes away, you may need to contact a probate lawyer in Memphis, TN at Patterson Bray to help you settle their estate. An estate doesn’t always have to go through probate court first, so it’s important to know what a member of our legal team can do when the probate process is necessary. Losing a loved one is hard. It’s an emotional time. You have a lot on your plate with funeral arrangements and spending time with loved ones. The last thing you want is to worry about a legal process called probate. You deserve to focus your time on your family.
What Is Probate?
Probate is the legal process of distributing a person’s assets and paying liabilities based on their wishes in the will. Probate is required for nearly every estate. During probate, the judge and lawyers will help guide the personal representative or executor of the estate. The personal representative will pay all of the debts and liabilities the decedent had and then distribute any remaining assets. For their services, the personal representative is paid a fee from the estate.
Who Is Involved in Probate?
There are many different people involved in the probate process. These include:
That last one may cause some anxiety, but part of probating an estate is paying final income taxes. Don’t worry, we’re here to help. By using a Tennessee probate lawyer in Memphis to guide you through the probate process, you can rest assured your loved one’s estate will follow the guidelines set forth.
When Is Probate Necessary?
Not all items go through probate, so it’s important to know what does have to go through probate and what doesn’t. Anything the deceased owned — in his or her name alone — may have to go through probate. We can help you determine what is part of the probate estate and what won’t go through probate. Some of the assets that don’t go through probate include:
What May Be Subjected to Probate?
Anything a person owned when he or she passed away, may be subject to probate. Probate is a court-supervised process that entails proving the validity of a will and distributing assets within the decedent’s estate. Assets may be things like property, bank accounts, life insurance policies, art collections, vehicles, jewelry, and more. If you need help during the probate process after your loved one passed away, we recommend meeting with Memphis, TN Probate Lawyer at Patterson Bray as soon as possible.
There are often four types of assets that may be subject to probate, including the following:
#1 Individual Assets
As a member of our legal team may inform you, individual assets entail all the property that are listed with the decedent’s name without any co-owners. Examples of individual assets can include investment accounts, bank accounts, bonds, stocks, cars, airplanes, boats, real estate, artwork, memorabilia, and business interests.
#2 Tenants-In-Common Property
Tenants-in-common assets can include property that is titled in the decedent’s name along with one or more individuals. Every owner has a percentage of interest for the property (such as 50/50, 25/75, 80/20, etc). Tenant-in-common titles are often named this way for a property that is divided among unmarried owners.
#3 Beneficiary Assets (with Predeceased or No Beneficiary Descriptions)
Assets with payable-on-death or beneficiary designations may have to go through probate if the beneficiary passed prior to the decedent. The assets may include things like medical savings accounts, health savings, life insurance, retirement accounts, 401K, IRAs, and annuities. If the named beneficiaries predeceased the decedent, the asset usually diverts back to the estate and becomes part of probate. The same thing may happen if the decedent listed the estate as the beneficiary, or did not name any beneficiaries at all.
#4 Assets Outside of the Trust
A person may establish a living trust and move assets into it for protection. However, this doesn’t absolutely mean that none of his or her property will go through probate after death. Living trusts can help avoid probate of the property included, but so much time may go by that the person acquired more assets and failed to pass these into the trust as well before passing away. A Probate Lawyer in TN at Patterson Bray may emphasize the importance of updating your trust every few years or as life changes happen, so no assets end up accidentally being left out.
If an estate is small, you may be able to go through a simplified probate process in Tennessee. This applies for estate totals equal to or less than $25,000 without adding real estate into the total.
How Long Does Probate Take?
Each estate is unique. While there are guidelines that state probate should not take more than one year, that isn’t always the case. Some estates are extremely complex and require many years to probate and close. Other estates take a few months. There are certain things that must happen during probate and there are waiting periods. For instance, when you file a notice to creditors to alert any creditors that they need to file a claim against the estate to be paid, you have to wait a certain number of days for those creditors to file claims. This means that even in simple estates, you’re looking at a minimum of about six months.
At Patterson Bray, we understand just how difficult it can be to settle your loved one’s final affairs. If your family member’s estate has to go through a probate process, things might get a little overwhelming and confusing. That’s why we encourage you to speak with a TN Probate Lawyer in Memphis. We work hard for our clients and try to make the probate process as stress-free as possible for them.
Here are some of the benefits of hiring a probate lawyer:
What Exactly Does a Probate Lawyer Help With?
A probate lawyer may help the Personal Representative of the estate go through the probate process. Any Memphis, Tennessee Probate Lawyer may tell you that the probate laws and steps vary from state to state, which is why you may find it helpful to work with a professional.
Your lawyer may also inform you that probate can vary from case to case depending on the existence of a valid will. We can advise you of the laws in your state and help you determine what to expect in the probate process.
A member of our legal team may address several items, including:
Once Probate Has Concluded
Once probate is complete, beneficiaries are awarded their portion of the estate as written in the decedent’s will. If at any point during the probate process a beneficiary or family member feels their loved one’s legacy is not being handled correctly, they may be able to take action to set things straight.
This time may also accompany a heavy period of grief, so a Probate Lawyer in Memphis, TN at Patterson Bray understands that you may need some legal insight and compassionate support. Do not hesitate to reach out to us to book your free consultation. Probate may take months or even as long as a year before closing, so we suggest receiving legal counsel periodically along the way.
The Executor’s Role During Probate
If you were named as the executor of an estate, you probably want to know what your role will be when the estate goes through the probate process. Being an executor is no easy task. Especially if the deceased is someone you loved and cared for, it can make settling their estate particularly difficult. If you are grieving your loved one’s passing and are the named executor, working with our attorneys can help you ensure you are making the right decisions for their estate and can give you peace of mind that it is done correctly.
What will the executor do?
The role of the executor for the estate planning process is not simple. If you were named as executor, you will be there to ensure each part of their estate is closed out. This means in addition to following directions the deceased may have left you, you will be going through the probate process. From the beginning, you will help:
Is all property going to be subject to the probate process?
Not necessarily. If, for example, the deceased shared property with a spouse, this is considered joint property. When there is joint property, it is not going to go through probate as the surviving spouse will still have ownership of the property. Because property can be tricky when it comes to joint ownership, it is always good to have a reliable attorney by your side throughout the process.
What do I need to do?
When you are starting the probate process, you will need to file a petition with the probate court to kick things off. The beneficiaries listed in the will are notified when the probate process begins and you will set a date to go to court. Unless there are issues contesting the will or arguing over who is executor, you can begin the probate process. The job of the executor is extremely detailed, and your probate lawyer in Memphis can help ensure you have filed all of the necessary documents and that they are filed on time. While being named executor can be a big honor, it also comes with many responsibilities and it can help to know you have a lawyer there the entire time.
Contact Patterson Bray Today
Our team has the keen eye you need to make sure your loved one’s inheritance goes to the right people. Don’t leave it to yourself to determine whether your loved one’s estate needs probate. That could cause even more delay and be more costly than simply hiring the right probate attorney from the start.
As the personal representative or executor of the estate, you don’t pay us anything out of your own pocket. The estate pays our fees and it pays yours, too. For your services in this process, you will receive payment once the estate is closed, which should happen within one year.
The probate process can be complicated, and it’s the last thing you want to deal with after losing a loved one. Contact a TN probate lawyer in Memphis at Patterson Bray at 901-372-5003 today.
How to Speed Up the Probate Process
Probate has a reputation for being a long and tiring process. If you are the executor of an estate, you may dread having to go through the process. The good news is that you can take steps to speed up the process. Here are a few tips to follow.